Digital 'twins' cut surgery time for children with severe hip deformities

Wednesday, 23 March, 2022

Digital 'twins' cut surgery time for children with severe hip deformities

Dr Martina Barzan and her team at Griffith University have created computerised ‘twins’ of child patients that would enable surgeons to better plan, test and execute complex surgeries for severe hip deformities.

The development is said to halve surgery time, which means getting back to normal walking and sitting sooner.

Dr David Bade from the Queensland Children's Hospital has trialled the technique and agrees that using the 3D-printed guides reduces his surgical time.

“This is particularly so with very difficult deformity cases,” he said. “With less surgical time, there are less X-rays and radiation doses, and less blood loss for these young patients.”

Dr Barzan explained that before the digital twins were created, “surgeons would have to cut out X-rays and move the pieces back and forth”.

Now, surgeons can use computerised replicas of the children’s bones, muscles and the way they move to understand how their hips will move after the surgery, to make the best virtual plan.

Dr Barzan designed a system to translate those virtual plans to the operating theatre, using 3D-printed surgical guides individually matched to each patient’s body. The system leads to decreased radiation and every patient recovers back to normal walking.

“Nine months later, all of the children could walk normally, sit and play pain-free,” Dr Barzan said.

Dr David Bade said that the innovation “helps me, as a surgeon, get the best result on the table, and also helps the patient get a more accurate result and better outcome long term”.

“This type of pre-planning and patient-specific cutting guides can be used in multiple areas of the body and in multiple deformities.”

The only treatment for children with severe hip deformities is surgery. Such deformities can occur through trauma, infection or being born with them.

Dr Barzan won this year’s Fresh Science Judge’s Choice Award (Southeast Queensland) for her work. The competition is national, and helps early-career researchers find and share their stories of discovery.

The program takes up-and-coming researchers with no media experience and turns them into spokespeople for science, giving them a taste of life in the limelight, with a day of media training and pitching experience, and a public event in their home state.

Dr Barzan was supervised by Associate Professor Christopher Carty, a Principal Research Fellow at the Griffith School of SHS — Allied Health Science.

Image credit: Michael Adams, Griffith University

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