Breastfeeding aversion response: need to improve understanding, awareness
One in five women experience feelings of aversion during breastfeeding, according to a study suggesting the phenomenon is more prevalent than previously recognised.
The study, titled ‘The Prevalence of Breastfeeding Aversion Response in Australia: A National Cross-Sectional Survey’, published in Maternal and Child Nutrition, surveyed more than 5500 Australian women currently breastfeeding.
The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months due to the numerous health benefits it offers both mothers and babies. However, Australian statistics reveal around 30% of women discontinue breastfeeding within the first four months.
More than 95% of Australian women encountered additional breastfeeding challenges such as sore nipples, insufficient or excessive milk supply, and poor latch.
Lead author Melissa Morns from the University of Technology Sydney (UTS) said a better understanding and awareness of the breastfeeding aversion response (BAR) could help support mothers to continue to breastfeed.
She described the experience as encompassing feelings of irritability, anxiety or anger during nursing, despite a mother’s desire to breastfeed. Some women describe it as “visceral and overwhelming”.
“Many new parents begin the breastfeeding journey unaware that they may encounter barriers that require breastfeeding knowledge and perseverance to overcome,” Morns said.
“There can also be guilt, shame or social stigma around discussing feelings of aversion, which can stop mothers from seeking support. Consequently, many women with this breastfeeding challenge suffer alone and in isolation,” she said.
Morns is completing a PhD on the topic at the Australian Centre for Public and Population Health Research at UTS, spurred in part by her own personal experience, and the lack of information available. She has also established an online support group.
Morns’ research identified potential triggers for breastfeeding aversion, including menstruation, breastfeeding during pregnancy, and breastfeeding two infants concurrently. The experience was also more common with the first child.
Some strategies that may help include meditation, positive self-talk, personal distraction, setting boundaries with older nurslings and seeking professional help if needed. The support of a partner can also play a crucial role.
Morns highlighted the need for improved public health strategies and maternal health interventions to support and encourage breastfeeding, particularly for those experiencing complex challenges like aversion.
“My hope is that general practitioners, midwives and lactation consultants can gain a deeper understanding of the scale and nature of this phenomenon, so that when they see someone in their clinic who is experiencing it, they can offer timely and tailored support,” she said.
Most of the women in the study rated their overall breastfeeding experience as positive, despite the challenges. This suggests that with good quality support it’s possible to find strategies to overcome difficulties such as aversion and sustain breastfeeding.
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